Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Accounting Changes And Error Corrections [Abstract]  
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

15. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605),” and requires an entity to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 effective as of January 1, 2018. The Company elected to adopt the standard using the modified retrospective transition method. Leases are specifically excluded from the scope of ASU 2014-09, therefore, upon analysis, the Company concluded that the adoption of the new standard did not have any impact on the timing or amounts of the Company’s rental revenue from customers which represents over 90% of the Company’s total operating revenues. The Company also concluded that the adoption of the new standard did not have any material impact on the timing or amounts of the Company’s other material revenue streams and no cumulative effect adjustment was required as of the date of initial application. Payment from such revenue streams is due and generally collected upon invoice. Also, as part of the Company’s adoption of ASU 2014-09, the Company elected to apply the guidance only to contracts that were not completed contracts at the date of initial application. Further, related to the Company’s management fee revenue stream which relates to managing self-storage facilities for third-parties and unconsolidated joint ventures, the Company has elected to apply a practical expedient provided in the new standard which allows the Company to recognize revenue in the amount of management fees to which the Company has a right to invoice as that amount corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the entity’s performance completed to date. With respect to the Company’s revenues related to tenant reinsurance, the Company recognizes revenue based upon the amount that the Company has the right to invoice following the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-55-18 as such amount corresponds directly with the value to the third-party insurer of the entity’s performance completed to date.  

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (ASC 842). This guidance revises existing practice related to accounting for leases under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 840, “Leases” (ASC 840) for both lessees and lessors. The new guidance in ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all of their leases (other than leases that meet the definition of a short-term lease). The lease liability under this guidance is equal to the present value of lease payments and the right-of-use asset is based on the lease liability, subject to adjustments such as for initial direct costs and prepaid or accrued lease payments. For income statement purposes, the new standard retains a dual model similar to ASC 840, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or finance. For lessees, operating leases result in straight-line expense (similar to previous accounting by lessees for operating leases under ASC 840) while finance leases result in a front-loaded expense pattern (similar to previous accounting by lessees for capital leases under ASC 840). While the new standard maintains similar accounting for lessors as under ASC 840, the new standard reflects updates to, among other things, align with certain changes to the lessee model. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective as of January 1, 2019. Management determined that the application of ASC 842 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s leases existing at the date of adoption where the Company is a lessor. The Company has inventoried all leases where the Company is a lessee as of January 1, 2019 and has examined certain other contracts to identify whether such contracts contain a lease as defined under the new guidance. The Company’s lease population is comprised of leases for land and/or buildings in which certain of the Company’s self-storage facilities operate, as well as leases of corporate office space. All leases where the Company is the lessee qualify as operating leases and the Company does not have any financing leases as of the date of adoption of ASU 2016-02. The aggregate right-of-use assets and related lease liabilities at the initial date of application related to all leases identified by the Company where the Company is a lessee both totaled approximately $16 million. At March 31, 2019, the Company’s aggregate right-of-use assets total $15.5 million and are included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. The related lease liabilities total $15.3 million and are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. No such right-of-use assets or related lease liabilities are recorded at December 31, 2018 as the presentation related to leases at December 31, 2018 continues to reflect the accounting guidance in ASC 840.

Two of the leases for real estate at which the Company operates self-storage facilities include unilateral options for the Company to extend the terms of these leases. However, those extension periods are not included in the terms of the respective leases under ASC 842 due to the Company’s inability to assert that it is reasonably certain to exercise those options based primarily on the length of time before such options would be exercised. One of the Company’s leases of a self-storage facility also provides the Company with the option to purchase the property under lease for $13.3 million. Future lease payments which are based on changes to the consumer price index and future common area maintenance charges related to corporate office space leases have been excluded from the future minimum noncancelable lease payments for the respective leases due to their variable nature. The Company has made the following accounting policy elections and practical expedient elections provided for in ASC 842:

 

The package of practical expedients in ASC 842-10-65-1(f) which, if elected, stipulates that for all leases existing at the date of application (1) an entity need not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases; (2) an entity need not reassess the lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (3) an entity need not reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases.

 

The practical expedient in ASC 842-10-65-1(g) which, if elected, stipulates that an entity may use hindsight at the date of initial application in determining the lease term and in assessing impairment of the entity’s right to use assets.

 

The practical expedient in ASC 842-10-65-1(gg) which, if elected, stipulates that an entity need not assess whether existing or expired land easements that were not previously accounted for as leases under ASC 840 are or contain a lease under ASC 842.

 

The practical expedient in ASC 842-10-15-37 which, if elected, allows a lessee to choose not to separate nonlease components from lease components and instead account for each separate lease component and the nonlease components associated with that lease component as a single lease component.

 

The practical expedient in ASC 842-10-15-42A which, if elected, allows a lessor to choose not to separate nonlease components from lease components and, instead, to account for each separate lease component and the nonlease components associated with that lease component as a single lease component if the nonlease components otherwise would be accounted for under ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” and both (1) the timing and pattern of transfer for the lease component and nonlease component(s) associated with the lease component are the same, and (2) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease in accordance with ASC 842-10-25 paragraphs 2 and 3.

 

The option in ASC 842-20-25-2 for a lessee to elect, as an accounting policy, not to apply the recognition requirements in ASC 842 to short-term leases and, instead, to recognize the lease payments in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term and variable lease payments in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred. Leases are considered short-term when they have a term of less than one year.

 

The Company has elected to define the term “major part,” as referenced in ASC 842-10-25-2 related to the remaining economic life of an asset, as being 75% or more of the remaining economic life of the asset.

 

The Company has elected to define the term “substantially all,” as referenced in ASC 842-10-25-2 related to the fair value of an asset, as being 90% or more of the fair value of the underlying asset.

 

The Company has elected to define the term “at or near the end,” as referenced in ASC 842-10-25-2 related to a lease commencement date, as being a date that falls within the last 25% of the total economic life of the underlying asset.

Expenses related to operating leases totaled $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. At March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining lease term and weighted average discount rate for the Company’s operating leases were 10.7 years and 5.3%, respectively.

At March 31, 2019, the Company has no finance leases and we have approximately $19.9 million of operating lease commitments, excluding variable consideration. The undiscounted future minimum lease payments are summarized by year in the table below:

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

2019

 

$

1,968

 

2020

 

 

2,287

 

2021

 

 

2,109

 

2022

 

 

2,109

 

2023

 

 

1,593

 

Thereafter

 

 

9,798

 

Total

 

$

19,864

 

 

The difference between the amounts included in the table above and the aggregate lease liability recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019 is the result of the impact of the discount rate on future minimum lease payments.

In August 2018, the FASB Issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, which provides guidance to assist entities in accounting for implementation, setup, and other upfront costs (collectively referred to as implementation costs) incurred by entities that are a customer in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2018-15 on its consolidated financial statements.