Derivative Financial Instruments
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Derivative Instruments And Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Derivative Financial Instruments||
7. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Interest rate swaps are used to adjust the proportion of total debt that is subject to variable interest rates. The interest rate swaps require the Company to pay an amount equal to a specific fixed rate of interest times a notional principal amount and to receive in return an amount equal to a variable rate of interest times the same notional amount. The notional amounts are not exchanged. Forward starting interest rate swaps have also been used by the Company to hedge the risk of changes in the interest-related cash outflows associated with the potential issuance of long-term debt. No other cash payments are made unless the contract is terminated prior to its maturity, in which case the contract would likely be settled for an amount equal to its fair value. The Company enters into interest rate swaps with a number of major financial institutions to minimize counterparty credit risk.
Interest rate swaps qualify and are designated as hedges of the amount of future cash flows related to interest payments on variable rate debt. Therefore, interest rate swaps are recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value and the related gains or losses are deferred in shareholders’ equity or partners’ capital as Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (“AOCL”). These deferred gains and losses are recognized in interest expense during the period or periods in which the related interest payments affect earnings. However, to the extent that the interest rate swaps are not perfectly effective in offsetting the change in value of the interest payments being hedged, the ineffective portion of these contracts is recognized in earnings immediately. Ineffectiveness was de minimis in 2017, 2016, and 2015.
The Company has one interest rate swap agreement in effect at December 31, 2017 as detailed below to effectively convert $100 million of variable-rate debt to fixed-rate debt.
In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company terminated hedges and settled the interest rate swap agreements on $225 million of the Company’s variable rate debt in connection with repayment of the related variable rate term notes. The Company settled these interest rate swap agreements for a total of $9.6 million which is included in interest expense in the 2017 consolidated statement of operations. As a result of the termination, no gains or losses related to the terminated interest rate swaps are included in AOCL at December 31, 2017.
In the fourth quarter of 2015, the Company entered into forward starting interest rate swap agreements with a total notional value of $50 million. In the first quarter of 2016, the Company entered into additional forward starting interest rate swap agreements with a total notional value of $100 million. These forward starting interest rate swap agreements were entered into to hedge the risk of changes in the interest-related cash flows associated with the potential issuance of fixed rate long-term debt. In conjunction with the issuance of the 2026 Senior Notes (see Note 5), the Company terminated these hedges and settled the forward starting swap agreements for approximately $9.2 million. The $9.2 million has been deferred in AOCL and is being amortized as additional interest expense over the ten-year term of the 2026 Senior Notes or until such time as interest payments on the 2026 Senior Notes are no longer probable. Consistent with the Company’s accounting policy, the cash outflow related to the settlement of the forward starting swap agreements is reflected as a financing activity in the 2016 consolidated statement of cash flows.
The remaining interest rate swap agreement is the only derivative instrument, as defined by FASB ASC Topic 815 “ Derivatives and Hedging ”, held by the Company at December 31, 2017. During 2017, 2016, and 2015, the net reclassification from AOCL to interest expense was $12.3 million, $4.6 million, and $5.2 million, respectively, based on payments made under the swap agreements. Based on current interest rates, the Company estimates that payments received under the interest rate swaps in 2018 would be de minimis. Payments made or received under the interest rate swap agreements will be reclassified to interest expense as settlements occur. The fair value of the swap agreements, including accrued interest, was an asset of $0.2 million at December 31, 2017 and a liability of $13.0 million at December 31, 2016.
The Company’s agreement with its interest rate swap counterparty contains provisions pursuant to which the Company could be declared in default of its derivative obligation, if any, if the Company defaults on any of its indebtedness, including default where repayment of the indebtedness has not been accelerated by the lender. The interest rate swap agreement also incorporates other loan covenants of the Company. Failure to comply with the loan covenant provisions would result in the Company being in default on the interest rate swap agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had not posted any collateral related to the interest rate swap agreements.
The changes in AOCL for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015 are summarized as follows:
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef