Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2011
|Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation: All of the Company's assets are owned by, and all its operations are conducted through, Sovran Acquisition Limited Partnership (the "Operating Partnership"). Sovran Holdings, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the "Subsidiary"), is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership; the Company is a limited partner of the Operating Partnership, and through its ownership of the Subsidiary and its limited partnership interest controls the operations of the Operating Partnership, holding a 98.8% ownership interest therein as of December 31, 2011. The remaining ownership interests in the Operating Partnership (the "Units") are held by certain former owners of assets acquired by the Operating Partnership subsequent to its formation.
We consolidate all wholly owned subsidiaries. Partially owned subsidiaries and joint ventures are consolidated when we control the entity. Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Operating Partnership, Uncle Bob's Management, LLC (the Company's taxable REIT subsidiary), Locke Sovran I, LLC, Locke Sovran II, LLC and West Deptford JV LLC, a controlled joint venture. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. Investments in joint ventures that we do not control but for which we have significant influence over are reported using the equity method.
In December 2007, the FASB issued additional accounting guidance now codified in ASC Topic 810, "Consolidation" through the issuance of FASB Statement No. 160, "Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements" ("SFAS No. 160") which was adopted by the Company on January 1, 2009. The additional guidance requires that the portion of equity in a subsidiary attributable to the owners of the subsidiary other than the parent or the parent's affiliates be labeled "noncontrolling interests" and presented in the consolidated balance sheet as a component of equity. The additional guidance does not significantly change the Company's past accounting practices with respect to the attribution of net income between controlling and noncontrolling interests, however, the provisions of the additional guidance require that earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests be reported as part of consolidated earnings and not as a separate component of income or expense. In addition, the additional guidance requires the disclosure of the attribution of consolidated earnings to the controlling and noncontrolling interests on the face of the statement of operations.
In accordance with the guidance provided in ASC Topic 810, "Consolidation" in 2010 we presented noncontrolling interests in Locke Sovran II, LLC as a separate component of equity, called "Noncontrolling interests—consolidated joint venture" in the consolidated balance sheets.
In May 2011, the Company made an additional investment of $17.0 million in Locke Sovran II, LLC and now owns 100% of that entity. The purchase price in excess of the carrying value of the non-controlling interest in Locke Sovran II, LLC was $3.9 million and was recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in capital. In connection with this transaction, the noncontrolling interest holders settled an outstanding $2.8 million note receivable due to the Company, and the net cash paid by the Company to the noncontrolling interest holders was $14.2 million. Prior to May 2011, the Company presented noncontrolling interests in Locke Sovran II, LLC as a separate component of equity, called "Noncontrolling interests - consolidated joint venture" in the consolidated balance sheets.
The following table sets forth the activity in the noncontrolling interest – consolidated joint venture:
On June 30, 2011, the Company entered into a newly formed joint venture agreement with an owner of a self-storage facility in New Jersey (West Deptford JV LLC). As part of the agreement the Company contributed $4.2 million to the joint venture for a $2.8 million mortgage note at 8%, a 20% common interest, and a $1.4 million preferred interest with an 8% preferred return. Pursuant to the terms of the joint venture operating agreement, upon a liquidation of the joint venture the Company has the right to receive a return of its investment prior to any distributions to the common members. The Company also has the right to redeem its preferred interests in the joint venture upon a written election any time on or after June 30, 2016. The Company has concluded that this joint venture is a variable interest entity pursuant to the guidance in FASB ASC Topic 810, "Consolidation" on the basis that the total equity investment in the joint venture is not sufficient to permit the joint venture to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support from its investors. The Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of the joint venture as it has the power to direct the activities of the joint venture that most significantly impact the joint venture's economic performance. The Company also has the right to receive a significant amount of the benefits of the joint venture by virtue of its preferred interest and liquidation preferences. As a result of the above, the assets, liabilities and results of operations of West Deptford JV LLC since June 30, 2011 are included in the Company's consolidated financial statements. Pursuant to the terms of the West Deptford JV LLC operating agreement, neither party to the joint venture is obligated to make additional capital contributions to the joint venture and shall not be held personally liable for any obligations of the joint venture. Should the joint venture be unable to meet its obligations as they come due or there be any other events or circumstances that have a significant adverse effect on West Deptford JV LLC, the Company could be exposed to losses on its investment in the joint venture and the Company could determine that it is necessary to make additional capital contributions to West Deptford JV LLC. At December 31, 2011, West Deptford JV LLC had total assets of $4.1 million and total liabilities of $2.9 million. For the year ended December 31, 2011 West Deptford JV LLC generated total operating revenues of $0.3 million and a net loss of $3,100.
Included in the consolidated balance sheets are noncontrolling redeemable operating partnership units. These interests are presented in the "mezzanine" section of the consolidated balance sheet because they do not meet the functional definition of a liability or equity under current accounting literature. These represent the outside ownership interests of the limited partners in the Operating Partnership. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, there were 339,025 noncontrolling redeemable operating partnership Units outstanding. The Operating Partnership is obligated to redeem each of these limited partnership Units in the Operating Partnership at the request of the holder thereof for cash equal to the fair market value of a share of the Company's common stock, at the time of such redemption, provided that the Company at its option may elect to acquire any such Unit presented for redemption for one common share or cash. The Company accounts for these noncontrolling redeemable Operating Partnership Units under the provisions of EITF D-98, "Classification and Measurement of Redeemable Securities" which are included in FASB ASC Topic 480-10-S99. The application of the FASB ASC Topic 480-10-S99 accounting model requires the noncontrolling interest to follow normal noncontrolling interest accounting and then be marked to redemption value at the end of each reporting period if higher (but never adjusted below that normal noncontrolling interest accounting amount). The offset to the adjustment to the carrying amount of the noncontrolling redeemable Operating Partnership Units is reflected in dividends in excess of net income. Accordingly, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet, noncontrolling redeemable Operating Partnership Units are reflected at redemption value at December 31, 2011 and 2010, equal to the number of Units outstanding multiplied by the fair market value of the Company's common stock at that date. Redemption value exceeded the value determined under the Company's historical basis of accounting at those dates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The cash balance includes $29 thousand and $2.4 million, respectively, held in escrow for encumbered properties at December 31, 2011 and 2010.
Accounts Receivable: Accounts receivable are composed of trade and other receivables recorded at billed amounts and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company's best estimate of the amount of probable uncollectible amounts in the Company's existing accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based on a number of factors, including experience, credit worthiness of customers, and current market and economic conditions. The Company reviews the allowance for doubtful accounts on a regular basis. Account balances are charged against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. The allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded as a reduction of accounts receivable and amounted to $0.5 million, $0.2 million and $0.3 million at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Revenue and Expense Recognition: Rental income is recognized when earned pursuant to month-to-month leases for storage space. Promotional discounts are recognized as a reduction to rental income over the promotional period, which is generally during the first month of occupancy. Rental income received prior to the start of the rental period is included in deferred revenue. Equity in earnings of real estate joint ventures that we have significant influence over is recognized based on our ownership interest in the earnings of these entities.
Cost of operations, general and administrative expense, interest expense and advertising costs are expensed as incurred. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009, advertising costs were $3.2 million, $2.3 million, and $1.9 million, respectively. The Company accrues property taxes based on estimates and historical trends. If these estimates are incorrect, the timing and amount of expense recognition would be affected.
Other Operating Income: Consists primarily of sales of storage-related merchandise (locks and packing supplies), insurance commissions, incidental truck rentals, and management and acquisition fees from unconsolidated joint ventures.
Investment in Storage Facilities: Storage facilities are recorded at cost. The purchase price of acquired facilities is allocated to land, land improvements, building, equipment, and in-place customer leases based on the fair value of each component. The fair values of land are determined based upon comparable market sales information. The fair values of buildings are determined based upon estimates of current replacement costs adjusted for depreciation on the properties. For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, $3.3 million and $0.8 million of acquisition related costs were incurred and expensed, respectively. No acquisitions were completed in 2009 and therefore there were no acquisition related costs expensed during 2009.
Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of forty years for buildings and improvements, and five to twenty years for furniture, fixtures and equipment. Expenditures for significant renovations or improvements that extend the useful life of assets are capitalized. Interest and other costs incurred during the construction period of major expansions are capitalized. Capitalized interest during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009 was $0.1 million, $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
Whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the basis of the Company's property may not be recoverable, the Company's policy is to assess any impairment of value. Impairment is evaluated based upon comparing the sum of the expected undiscounted future cash flows to the carrying value of the property, on a property by property basis. If the sum of the undiscounted cash flow is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. At December 31, 2011, the Company determined that a building was impaired due to a structural deficiency. The Company recorded an impairment charge of $1.0 million in 2011 related to the write-off of the building value. At December 31, 2010, no assets had been determined to be impaired under this policy.
Other Assets: Included in other assets are net loan acquisition costs, property deposits, and the value placed on in-place customer leases at the time of acquisition. The loan acquisition costs were $5.9 million at December 31, 2011, and 2010. Accumulated amortization on the loan acquisition costs was approximately $1.5 million and $4.4 million at December 31, 2011, and 2010, respectively. Loan acquisition costs are amortized over the terms of the related debt. At December 31, 2010, the Company had a note receivable of $2.8 million representing a note from certain investors of Locke Sovran II, LLC. The note was repaid in 2011. Property deposits at December 31, 2011 were $0.4 million. There were no property deposits at December 31, 2010.
The Company allocates a portion of the purchase price of acquisitions to in-place customer leases. The fair value of in-place customer leases is determined using an income approach. Estimates of future income are derived from customers in existence at the date of acquisition based primarily on historical income derived from the leases with those customers and the Company's experience with customer turnover. The Company amortizes in-place customer leases on a straight-line basis over 12 months (the estimated future benefit period). At December 31, 2011, the gross carrying amount of in-place customer leases was $9.5 million and the accumulated amortization was $7.0 million.
Amortization expense related to financing fees was $1.2 million, $1.0 million and $1.8 million for the periods ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures: The Company's investment in unconsolidated joint ventures, where the Company has significant influence, but not control and joint ventures which are VIEs in which the Company is not the primary beneficiary, are recorded under the equity method of accounting in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. Under the equity method, the Company's investment in unconsolidated joint ventures is stated at cost and adjusted for the Company's share of net earnings or losses and reduced by distributions. Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures is generally recognized based on the Company's ownership interest in the earnings of each of the unconsolidated joint ventures. For the purposes of presentation in the statement of cash flows, the Company follows the "look through" approach for classification of distributions from joint ventures. Under this approach, distributions are reported under operating cash flow unless the facts and circumstances of a specific distribution clearly indicate that it is a return of capital (e.g., a liquidating dividend or distribution of the proceeds from the joint venture's sale of assets), in which case it is reported as an investing activity.
Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities: Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consists primarily of trade payables, accrued interest, and property tax accruals. The Company accrues property tax expense based on estimates and historical trends. Actual expense could differ from these estimates.
Income Taxes: The Company qualifies as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and will generally not be subject to corporate income taxes to the extent it distributes at least 90% of its taxable income to its shareholders and complies with certain other requirements.
The Company has elected to treat certain of its subsidiaries as taxable REIT subsidiaries. In general, the Company's taxable REIT subsidiaries may perform additional services for tenants and generally may engage in certain real estate or non-real estate related business. A taxable REIT subsidiary is subject to corporate federal and state income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities.
For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, the Company recorded federal and state income tax expense of $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, there were no material unrecognized tax benefits. Interest and penalties relating to uncertain tax positions will be recognized in income tax expense when incurred. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company had no interest or penalties related to uncertain tax provisions. The Company's taxable REIT subsidiary has a current taxes payable of $0.2 million and a deferred tax liability of $0.1 million.
Derivative Financial Instruments: The Company accounts for derivatives in accordance with ASC Topic 815 "Derivatives and Hedging", which requires companies to carry all derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. The Company determines the fair value of derivatives using an income approach. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and, if so, the reason for holding it. The Company's use of derivative instruments is limited to cash flow hedges of certain interest rate risks.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements: In May 2011 the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurements (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in US GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") ("ASU 2011-04"). ASU 2011-04 represents the converged guidance of the FASB and the IASB (the "Boards") on fair value measurements. The collective efforts of the Boards and their staffs, reflected in ASU 2011-04, have resulted in common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements, including a consistent meaning of the term "fair value." The Boards have concluded the common requirements will result in greater comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP and IFRSs. The amendments in this ASU are required to be applied prospectively, and are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company does not expect that the adoption of ASU 2011-04 will have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In July 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) – Presentation of Comprehensive Income." The amendment eliminates the option to present other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of stockholders' equity. The amendment requires all nonowner changes in stockholders' equity be presented in either a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The amendment, which must be applied retrospectively, is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the provisions of ASU No. 2011-05 in 2011 and has included a separate consolidated statement of comprehensive income in its financial statements.
Stock-Based Compensation: The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of ASC Topic 718, "Compensation—Stock Compensation" (formerly, FASB Statement 123R). The Company recognizes compensation cost in its financial statements for all share based payments granted, modified, or settled during the period. For awards with graded vesting, compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the related vesting period.
The Company recorded compensation expense (included in general and administrative expense) of $302,000, $354,000 and $321,000 related to stock options and $1.5 million, $1.3 million and $1.4 million related to amortization of non-vested stock grants for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company uses the Black-Scholes Merton option pricing model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted subsequent to the adoption of ASC Topic 718. The application of this pricing model involves assumptions that are judgmental and sensitive in the determination of compensation expense. The weighted average for key assumptions used in determining the fair value of options granted during 2011 follows:
The weighted-average fair value of options granted during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, were $8.34 and $2.73, respectively.
To determine expected volatility, the Company uses historical volatility based on daily closing prices of its Common Stock over periods that correlate with the expected terms of the options granted. The risk-free rate is based on the United States Treasury yield curve at the time of grant for the expected life of the options granted. Expected dividends are based on the Company's history and expectation of dividend payouts. The expected life of stock options is based on the midpoint between the vesting date and the end of the contractual term.
During 2011, the Company issued performance based non-vested stock to certain executives. The fair value for the performance based non-vested shares granted in 2011 was estimated at the time the shares were granted using a Monte Carlo pricing model applying the following assumptions:
The Monte Carlo pricing model was not used to value the other 2011, 2010 and 2009 non-vested shares granted as no market conditions were present in these awards. The value of these other non-vested shares was equal to the stock price on the date of grant.
Reclassification: Certain amounts from the 2010 financial statements have been reclassified as a result of separating acquisition costs from general and administrative expenses on the consolidated statements of operations.
Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation, or accounting, and significant accounting policies.
No definition available.